Manuscript preparation

These requirements were based on the "The ICMJE updated the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

 Manuscript preparation


Types of articles 

Journal encourages the submission of article types as follows:

1)    original and topical articles (including illustrations, literature review, abstract) volumed up to 10-13 pages A4 DOWNLOAD THE TEMPLATE

2)    literature review/ systematic review – 10-15 pages A4 DOWNLOAD THE TEMPLATE / DOWNLOAD THE TEMPLATE

3)    case reports– 3-4 pages A4 DOWNLOAD THE TEMPLATE

4)    innovation proposal, reviews – 3-4 pages A4

 5)   articles on the history of ophthalmology  – 5-6 pages А4

5)    short reports – 1.5-2 pages A4


General recommendations

The text must be printed with 1.5 spacing on a standard A4 paper (top, left, and bottom margins are 2 cm; right – 1 cm) with no more than 30 rows on a page. Text editor hyphenation is not recommended.

The manuscript can be written in Ukrainian or English. The electronic version of the article, including the text of the article with supplementary electronic material and documents, must be submitted online through the journal’s Web site ( ).

The electronic text must be a Word document with extension .doc, .docs or .rtf. The graphic objects (illustrations or drawings) are not allowed to be imported into the text. They must be sent in separate graphic files (see below). It’s not recommended to use the text editor hyphenation.

Tables, diagrams and graphics in the Word text editor should be created only in the same text editor.

Electronic illustrations should be in separate graphic files with extensions .jpg, .gif,  .png, .tif, or .pdf with a resolution of 200-300 dpi.


Covering documents

When submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors should provide the following supporting documents:

  1. Cover Letter
  2. The Authorship Responsibility Form
  3. Conflict of Interest Form OR ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest


Manuscript Sections

The text of an article reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections, the so-called “IMRAD” structure. Articles can have subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. 

Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats. 

The following are general requirements for reporting within sections of all study designs and manuscript formats.


a.Title Page

The title page must contain general information about an article and its authors and usually include the article title, author information, disclaimers, sources of support, and the number of tables and figures.

Article title: The title provides a distilled description of the complete article.

Author information: Surname and initials of each author with the highest academic or medical degree and each author's departmental affiliation and the institution where the study was carried out. The ORCID numbers of the authors (Open Researcher and Contributor Identification) should also be indicated.

Corresponding author: Name, postal address, telephone number and e-mail of the author responsible for corresponding and contacting other authors in order to remake, correct and finally approve the version. The author responsible for corresponding must indicate definitely if his e-mail may be published (e-mail is published unless otherwise specified).

Author contribution:  A short statement detailing the contribution of each author should be included in accordance with the " Authorship Statement " form.

Acknowledgements: Contributors who do not meet all 4 of the criteria for authorship and, thus, cannot be listed as authors should be noted here.

Disclaimers. An example of a disclaimer is an author’s statement that the views expressed in the submitted article are his or her own and not an official position of the institution or funder.

Source(s) of support. These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated the conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself.

Disclosure of relationships and activities. Please, include Disclosure of relationships and activities on the manuscript title page according to your submitted Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest (in order to save the work of collecting forms from each author prior to making an editorial decision or to save reviewers and readers the work of reading each author’s form.) 

Subjects of the study. The corresponding author should indicate the subjects included in the study.

The number of figures and tables. Please, specify the number of Figures and Tables before uploading the relevant files. These numbers allow editorial staff and reviewers to confirm that all figures and tables are actually included with the manuscript.

Abbreviations. All abbreviations used in the text of the article should be provided with their decoding.


b. Abstract and Keywords 

The second page must contain the abstract. The abstract should be of not more than 300 words. 

Original research, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses must be structured as Introduction, Purpose, Methods, Results (explicit data and their statistical significance), and Conclusion. 

Case reports, literature reviews, innovation proposals, reviews, and short reports may have other formats. 

For clinical trial abstracts, the clinical trial registration number must be specified at the end of the abstract.

Authors need to ensure that they accurately reflect the content of the article. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study's purpose, basic procedures (selection of study participants, settings, measurements, analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical and clinical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. 

Keywords. Under the abstract, there must be placed 3-8 keywords or short phrases reflecting the main issues in the article and under which you believe the article should be indexed.


c. Text of the article

  1. Introduction

Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). 

State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. 

Cite only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.


  1. Material and Methods

The guiding principle of the Methods section should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way.

The Methods section should aim to be sufficiently detailed such that others with access to the data would be able to reproduce the results. 

In general, the section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section. 

If an organization was paid or otherwise contracted to help conduct the research (examples include data collection and management), then this should be detailed in the methods. 

The Methods section should include a statement indicating that the research was approved by an independent local, regional or national review body (e.g., ethics committee, institutional review board). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the local, regional or national review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. 

i. Selection and Description of Participants

Clearly describe the selection of observational or experimental participants (healthy individuals or patients, including controls), including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. 

If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance. 

ii. Technical Information

Specify the study’s main and secondary objectives—usually identified as primary and secondary outcomes. 

Identify methods, equipment (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. 

Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. 

Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Identify appropriate scientific names and gene names.

iii.  Statistics

Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to judge its appropriateness for the study and to verify the reported results. 

When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). 

Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size and precision of estimates. 

References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). 

Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. 

Specify the statistical software package(s) and versions used. Distinguish prespecified from exploratory analyses, including subgroup analyses.


  1. Results

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. 

Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. 

Provide data on all primary and secondary outcomes identified in the Methods section. 

When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. 

Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. 

Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. 

Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.” 


  1. Discussion

It is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, and explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings. 

Emphasize the new and important aspects of your study and put your findings in the context of the totality of the relevant evidence. 

State the limitations of your study, and explore the implications of your findings for future research and for clinical practice or policy. 

Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the Introduction or the Results section. 

Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. 

In particular, distinguish between clinical and statistical significance, and avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. 

Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. 


d. References 

The reference list is attached separately. 

The bibliography must contain mostly the papers of the latest 7-8 years which are directly related to the topic. 

Only published works should be listed in the reference list. While citing abstracts of theses or monographs their title should be pointed. 

References should follow the Vancouver format. 

References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. 

Citations in the text must be given in square brackets and numbered according to the reference list. 

To minimize citation errors, references should be verified using either an electronic bibliographic source, such as PubMed, or print copies from original sources. 

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE (

In the listed references, all names of authors should be given, unless there are more than four. If there are five or more, list the first three, followed by "et al." 

If there is any doubt about the abbreviation of a journal name, it should be spelt out completely. For more details:

Since Journal of Ophthalmology (Ukraine) (Oftalmalogicheskii Zhurnal) is a CrossRef member, we ask authors to provide us with electronic references (links to articles on the title’s website or article’s DOI) within parentheses in numbered references following the text.


e. Таблиці

Таблиці повинні бути побудовані наочно, мати назву.

Заголовки граф повинні точно відповідати їх змісту.

Всі цифри повинні бути ретельно вивірені, відповідати цифрам у тексті і обов'язково повинні бути оброблені статистично.

Всі роз'яснення слід розміщувати в примітках під таблицею, а не в її назві.

Слід вказати, які статистичні методи використовувалися для визначення варіабельності даних, наприклад стандартне відхилення (SD) або помилка середнього (m).

Таблиці в редакторі Word можна створювати тільки способами цього редактора. Розміщувати таблиці можна тількі в тексті статті.


f. Tables

Number consecutively as they are presented in the text. Tables should be graphic and have a name. Their titles should exactly match the content graphs.

All data in the tables must be carefully verified, meet data in the text and always treated statistically. 

Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation (SD) and standard error of the mean (m). 

The tables in the Word editor can be created only in this editor. Tables can be placed both in the text of the article and on a separate sheet of paper.


g. Illustrations 

Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. 

Figures must be submitted as individual files named according to their number in the text. They cannot be embedded in the Word document. If the images are not of a high enough resolution to permit quality reproduction for publication purposes, they will be returned to the author.

Digital art (x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, should be sharp, glossy, black-and-white or colour photographic prints) should be created/scanned and saved and submitted as either a TIFF (tagged image file format), an EPS (encapsulated postscript) file. 

Electronic photographs (radiographs, CT scans, and so on) and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. 

Colour images must be created/scanned and saved and submitted as CMYK files. 

Diagrams and graphics in the Word editor can be created only in this editor.

If the pictures of people are used, they mustn’t be identified or must be accompanied by the signed informed consent to publish.

In the manuscript, legends for illustrations should be on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. 

When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. 


h. Units of Measurement

All the measurements should be reported in the International System of Units (SI). 


g. Abbreviations and Symbols  

Abbreviations are not allowed except for common chemical and mathematical abbreviations. Use only standard abbreviations. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on the first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript.